Municipal Profile

MUNICIPALITY OF MAPANAS

  1. PHYSICAL FEATURES

A.1.   Geographical Location

The Municipality of Mapanas is located on the eastern part of the province of Northern Samar, part of region VIII on Eastern Visayas. Its boundaries are as follows:

 

North                          :           Municipality of Palapag

West                           :           Municipality of Catubig

East                            :           Pacific Ocean/Phil.sea

South                         :           Municipality of Gamay and Jipapad, E. Samar

 

The municipality is located at about 84 kilometers from Catarman, the capital town of Northern Samar. It could be reached by land starting an hour travel from Catarman to Laoang, then another one (1) hour connecting motorboat journey to Palapag due to unavailability of bridge to link the Lapinig – Catarman road network, then another one-hour land transportation again from Palapag to the municipality of Mapanas. It could also be visited by sea transportation directly from the municipality of Lao-ang via Pacific Ocean without passing the municipality of Palapag. It is situated at 12028’30.758” latitude and 125015’11.322” longitude.

A.2   Topography

The municipality of Mapanas occupies a total land area of 12, 170 hectares distributed to its 13 barangays including the urban area or the poblacion. About 754.8475 hectares or 6.20% of the total municipal land area belongs to the poblacion while the biggest portion of 11,415.1525 hectares or 93.80% is the area of the eight rural barangays including the forest area and the timberland.

All barangays of the municipality are on the mainland of Samar Island. Two of the rural barangays are along the coastal areas, seven are in the hinterlands and five are in the poblacion likewise facing the Mapanas bay. The coastline curves in such a way that it forms a cove shape bay of about 110 hectares, which is a part of SAFDZ area, providing safe haven for the sea going vessels.

Fertile plains, rolling hills and rugged mountain ranges characterized the land of Mapanas. The Mapanas River, Manaybanay Stream, Quinangay and Guisok streams enrich the plains. The grassland and grazing areas secure the hills while secondary growth forest and permanent crops such as coconut and abaca cover the mountains while the rest are c belong to the poblacion classified as timberland.

Mapanas area is likewise described and composed of limestone hills, upper coral terrains, active tidal flat mangrove/nipa, low meta-volcanic hills, narrow alluvial plains (width 500 m), in field localized hills/mountais, high shell sandstone hills, basaltic plateau, low and high limestone hills.

The highest mountain range is 457 meters above sea level.

A.3  Geology

Based on the geological geomorphologic map under land resources evaluation project of Northern Samar, Mapanas is composed of rock land foundations and meta-volcanic hills/ mountain limestone hills, sedimentary plateau hills and with basaltic hills. It also has the sandstone, shell and limestone –complex. However, the area in hectares is without detailed reference. Based on the mineral resources survey of Northern Samar, Mapanas is composed of Pliocene, Pleistocene agglomerate, tuff, conglomerate local limestone, late Miocene and limestone. Mapanas is prone to erosion and landslides.

A.4 Soil and  Crop Suitability

 

            The agricultural and forest areas of the municipality of Mapanas have a soil type of Lugo clay loam, San Manuel loam and undifferentiated mountain soils. Lugo clay loam and San Manuel loam are generally fertile and suited to all types of crops and vegetables.

The lugo clay loam occupies a land area of 7,904 hectares or 64.95 % of the total municipal area while the undifferentiated mountain soils occupies 4,212 hectares. The smallest area is of San manuel loam with 54 hectares.

A.5.    Climate

            Based on the record of Catarman PAGASA Station, the climate of Mapanas falls under the type II climate with no distinct dry and wet season. It has less rainfall in the months of April, May, June, July, August and September. The wettest months of the year are from October to February and this coincides with the main rice-cropping season.

During the period from 1961 to 2002, the heaviest rainfall occurred in December with 629.1 millimeters, followed in November with 508 mm, and the least occurred in April with 136.98 mm. The average monthly rainfall is 277.68 mm. The average monthly temperature is 26.8 oC. The warmest period is from April to November and the cooler months are December, January and February. The average monthly relative humidity during the period from 1961 to 1995 is 83% in May and 88% in November and December.

The data collected from 1970 to 2002 on the occurrence of typhoons that passed through the island of Samar shows that the municipality is located in a typhoon prone area in the region.

 

A.6 Slope

The municipality of Mapanas has slopes ranging from slope class M, N, O, P and Q. Slope class M with slope limit of 0 – 3 % characterized as level to very gently sloping suited to rice farming has a land area of  411 hectares or 3.38 %. Slope class N with slope range of 3 – 8 % has an area of 155 hectares which is the smallest land area as compared to other slope classes. The broad area has the slope class O with slope limit of 8 – 18% % has a land area of 5,538 hectares.

 

A.7 Erosion  Potentials

Considering the slope map, the erosion conditions of the municipality of Mapanas were determined as shown in the erosion map. The largest area of the municipality, which is 4,092 hectares, is the slightly gullied area where an intensity of 1-3 gullies per 100 m of land surface distance occurs. An area with slight erosions follows where there is a rill occurrence of 1-3 rills per 100 meter of land surface distance. Moderate erosions occur in an area of 584 hectares with rill occurrence intensities of 4 or more rills per 100 m of land surface distance. An area with no apparent erosion is the smallest area. Nevertheless, there is also an area of 3, 116.40 hectares which severely erodes with exposed sub-surface/rock outcrops no erosion at all which is about 3,116.40 hectares.

A.8  Drainage

  1. Surface Drainage

            Based on the surface drainage map, the municipality has one (1) major river, the Mapanas River on the southern portion of the town while on the northern portion is the Guisok and Quinangay Streams that enrich the plains suited for rice production.

  1. Flooding Hazards

The slope map is used in determining the natural flooding hazards of the municipality. The largest area of the municipality with slope class O, P and Q experiences no flooding at all. The slope class M with slope limit of 0 – 3% was considered as having a severe to tidal flooding hazard.  Severe flooding has a depth of 0.50 meter, often times reaching up to 1.0-1.5 meters in depth, lasting for seven (7) days up to 30 days. This is also characterized by fast movement of water causing soil erosion and washing out of crops. This flooding class is mapped in LMU 09 and 19.

Flooding depth of 0.5 – 1.0 meter at every high tide characterizes tidal flooding. This type occurs in the tidal marshes on LMU 01 and 02.

 

A.9  Water  Resources

            The municipality of Mapanas has enough spring for its water resources that are sources of potable water supply and irrigation system. These are found in its upstream barangays. Two large springs could be tapped for developing into municipal water district that could supply the poblacion barangays and nearby rural barangays such as Manaybanay and Burgos. These are located at Barangays Siljagon and Jubasan with a distance of 4 – 5 kilometers from the town proper.

 

  1. POPULATION AND SOCIAL PROFILE

 

B.1  Demography

Based on the census of population conducted by NSO from 1970 to 2010. The population trend of the municipality is generally increasing. However, there was a remarkable decrease of 1,120 or (–3.61) growth rate of population from 1975 to 1980 for a period of five years. The biggest increase of population occurred between 1990 to 1995 with an average growth rate of 4.22 for a span of 5 years.

Historical Growth of Population
Municipality of Mapanas, Northern Samar
1970-2010

 

Year Population Increase/(Decrease) Ave. Growth Rate
1970 5,716 N/A
1975 6,669 953 3.13
1980 5,549 -1,120 -3.61
1990 7,553 2004 3.13
1995 9,377 1824 4.42
2000 11,151 1774 3.53
2007 12,221 1,070 1.32
2010 12,423 202 0.23
 Source  : National Statistics Office (NSO) 1990-2010 Census of Population
 

 

Population and Number of Households By Barangay, 2015

Barangay Population Number of
Households
A. Urban  
Del Norte 1,689 311
Del Sur 747 146
E. Laodenio 588 139
Sta. Potenciana 2,198 394
Manaybanay 1,389 273
Sub-Total 6,244 1,263
B. Rural
Burgos 386 73
Magtaon 2,306 448
Siljagon 1,395 311
Jubasan 857 194
Naparasan 503 84
Quezon 863 136
Magsaysay 508 74
San Jose 596 94
Sub-Total 6,730 1,414
TOTAL 14,025                       2,677

 Source:  MPDO Projection based on 2010 NSO Census of Population using PR

 

 

B.2    Education

Elementary Schools Enrollment, Number of Teachers and Classrooms

School Year 2014-2015

 

Name  of  School Location Enrollment Number of Classrooms Number of Teachers
Mapanas  Central  Elementary School Brgy. Del Sur 643 24 24
Del Norte Elementary School Brgy. Del Norte 107 3 2
Sta. Potenciana Elementary School Brgy. Sta. Potenciana 429 6 12
Manaybanay Elementary School Brgy. Manaybanay 260 7 7
Burgos Elementary School Brgy. Burgos 137 2 5
Magtaon Elementary School Brgy. Magtaon 506 9 16
Jubasan Elementary School Brgy. Jubasan 181 3 7
Siljagon Elementary School Brgy. Siljagon 295 6 7
Naparasan Elementary School Brgy. Naparasan 101 5 4
Quezon Elementary School Brgy. Quezon 179 6 6
Magsaysay Elemenary School Brgy. Magsaysay 113 3 3
San Jose Elemenary School Brgy. San Jose 150 7 3
Pangudtan Elementary School So. Pangudtan, Brgy. Siljagon 20 2 2
TOTAL

 Source: Mapanas District, 2014

 

Secondary Schools Enrollment, Number of Teachers and Classrooms

School Year 2014-2015

Name of Secondary School Location Enrollment Number of Classrooms Number of Teachers
Mapanas Agro-Industrial High School Brgy. Manaybanay 617 15 25
Magno-Siljagon National High School Brgy. Siljagon 167 4 6
Magtaon National High School Brgy. Magtaon 232 3 2 DepEd

3 PGO paid

Source: Mapanas District, 2014

 

 

B.3    Health  and  Nutrition

 

  • of Hospital 0
  • Barangay Health Station             6
  • of Live Births (2014 MHO) 274
  • Male                                     133
  • Female 141
  • of Registered Births

          (2014 from MCR includes delayed registration)

 

  • Male
  • Female
  • of Deaths 51
  • Fetal Deaths 2
  • Infant Deaths             6
  • Maternal Deaths                                      1
  • Under 5 deaths             7
  • Prevalence Rate of Malnutrition 8%

Inventory of Health Personnel

2014

 

Health Personnel No. of Personnel
Doctor 1
Nurse 1
Dentist 1
Midwife 4
Medical Technologist 1
Sanitary Inspector 2
Barangay Health  Workers 79
Barangay Nutrition Scholars 23
Community Health Team Members 62

                    Source: Municipal Health Office, 2014

 

 

Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity

 

Diseases 2014
Influenza-like illness 469
Acute lower respiratory tract infection 462
Acute watery diarrhea 157
HPN 60
Urethral Discharge/ UTI 20
Scabies 18
Wound all forms 15
Bronchial Asthma 11
Arthritis 10
Rheumatism 7
Parasitism 7

                    Source:  Municipal Health Office, 2014

 

 

Ten Leading Causes of Mortality

 

Causes of Death 2014
Unknown 15
CVA 7
CHF 4
Pneumonia 4
Asphyxia 3
Sepsis 2
P  Pulmonary TB 2
BASA E 2
Senility 2
Myocardial Inparetton 2
Senility 2
Suicide 1
Measles 1
Respiratory Failure 1
Severe Dehydration 1
Electricution 1
Liver Cirhosis 1

                Source:  Municipal Health Office, 2014

 

 

Nutritional Status per Barangay, 2015

Barangay Nutritional Status (0 – 71 months old)
 

Overweight

 

Normal

 

Underweight

Severely Underweight
Del Sur 0 73 11 2
Del Norte 1 193 30 6
E. Laodenio 0 33 1 0
Sta. Potenciana 0 217 30 13
Manaybanay 1 180 17 6
Burgos 0 21 4 3
Magtaon 5 405 29 12
Jubasan 9 66 3 19
Siljagon 1 192 6 7
Naparasan 0 60 4 1
Quezon 1 64 9 0
Magsaysay 0 54 15 7
San  Jose 0 63 10 3
TOTAL 18 1,621 169 79

  Source:  Municipal Nutrition Action Office, 2015

 

B.4    Housing

 

Number  of Housing Units, Households with Makeshift Housing and Informal Settlers per Barangay

Barangay No. of Housing Units No. of HH with makeshift Housing No. of Informal Settlers
Del Sur 126 2 3
Del Norte 238 1 8
E. Laodenio 119 2 8
Sta. Potenciana 383 1 19
Manaybanay 231 1 9
Burgos 75 4 5
Magtaon 399 3 14
Jubasan 159 5 3
Siljagon 201 1 17
Naparasan 85 1 1
Quezon 121 0 1
Magsaysay 102 0 0
San Jose 76 0 15
TOTAL 2,315 21 103

 Source: MPDO, 2011 CBMS Results

 

 

Housing Facilities and Utilities Situation, 2014

Barangay Water System Power Supply No. of HH with Sanitary Toilet facility
Del Sur Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 115
Del Norte Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 198
E. Laodenio Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 90
Sta. Potenciana Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 196
Manaybanay Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 126
Burgos Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 9
Magtaon Deep Well Pump NORSAMELCO 181
Jubasan Level II NORSAMELCO 124
Siljagon Level II NORSAMELCO 89
Naparasan Level II Generator  & kerosene 30
Quezon Level II Generator  & kerosene 40
Magsaysay Level II Generator  & kerosene 11
San  Jose Level II NORSAMELCO 81

Source:  MPDO,  2014

 

B.5    Social  Welfare

Social Welfare Services and Clientele

 

Barangay OSCA Members Persons with Disability  

OSY

 

Women’s Sector Solo Parents
Del Sur 58 22 50 20
Del Norte 121 38 142 28
E. Laodenio 48 9 64 0
Sta. Potenciana 103 26 215 38
Manaybanay 83 32 202 50
Burgos 16 13 22 12
Magtaon 128 45 151 65
Jubasan 60 No Data 15 27
Siljagon 76 17 33 12
Naparasan 27 No Data 12 16
Quezon 31 No Data 75 25
Magsaysay 14 No Data 78 8
San  Jose 37 No Data 44 6
TOTAL 802   450 1,103 315

 Source: MSWDO, 2014

 

 

Day Care Enrollment, Number of Day Care Workers and Status of Day Care Center, SY 2014-2015

 

Barangay Day Care Enrollment No. of Day Care Workers Day Care Center
Male Female Total
Del Sur 11 9 20 1 1 Concrete
Del Norte 41 25 66 2 1 Concrete
E. Laodenio 11 8 19 1 1 Concrete
Sta. Potenciana 65 49 114 2 1 Concrete
Manaybanay 19 18 37 2 1 Concrete
Burgos 9 6 15 3 Brgy. Hall
Magtaon 62 48 110 4 1 Concrete, 1 semi-concrete
Jubasan 21 22 43 3 Brgy. Hall
Siljagon 71 47 118 5 Brgy. Multi-purpose hall
Naparasan 17 12 29 2 Brgy. Hall
Quezon 17 16 33 2 Brgy. Multi-purpose hall
Magsaysay 11 16 27 2 Brgy. Multi-purpose hall
San  Jose 13 27 40 1 Brgy. Multi-purpose hall
TOTAL 368 303 671 30

Source:  Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office, 2014

 

B.7    Protective  Services

 

  • Number of Police Personnel
  • Male 17
  • Female 4
  • of Firemen 0
  • of Patrol Car 1(non-functional)
  • Number of Traffic Accident  1

 

 

Crime Incidence by Barangay by Type of Crime and Sex of Offender, 2014

Barangay Type of Crimes Number of Offenders
Male Female Total
Sta. Potenciana Physical Injury 3 3
Grave Threats 1 1
Assault/Resistance to Authority 1 1
Alarms and scandal 1 1
Manaybanay Murder 1 1
Illegal Logging N/A
Illegal Gambling N/A
Del Sur Murder 2 2
Malicious Mischief 1 1
Del Norte Grave Threat 1 1
Theft 3 3
Assault/ Resistance to authority 1 1
Alarms and Scandal 1 1
Burgos Murder 1 1
Violation of Domicile 1 1
Magtaon Murder 1 1
Homicide 1 1
Illegal Cockfighting 1 1
Jubasan Physical Injury 1 1
Theft 3 3
Siljagon Grave Threat 1 1

  Source: Mapanas Police Station, 2014

 

 

 

 

  1. LOCAL ECONOMY

 

C.1   Agriculture

 

  • Total Agricultural Area : 5,631.56 hectares

 

Number of Farmers, Laborers and Fisherman Per Barangay

 

Barangay No. of Farmers No. of Farm Laborers No. of Fisherman
Bugos 27 81 46
Jubasan 96 162 5
Magsaysay 92 92 0
Magtaon 263 332 342
Del Norte 150 111 78
Del Sur 22 23 28
Quezon 138 136 0
San Jose 48 55 0
Siljagon 194 423 73
Naparasan 57 106 1
E Laodenio 30 38 17
Manaybanay 287 207 243
Sta. Potenciana 175 99 94
TOTAL 1,579 1,865 928

  Source: RSBSA, 2011

 

Number of Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries

 

Name of Agrarian Reform Community Number of Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries
Male Female Total
Jubasan 133 121 254
Magsaysay 94 92 186
Manaybanay 13 10 23
Quezon 164 65 229
Siljagon 154 58 212
TOTAL 558 346 904

Source: Municipal Agrarian Reform Office (MARO), 2012

 

 

 

Volume of Catch of Fishes & Other Marine Products

SPECIE VOLUME OF CATCH (metric tons)
2013 2014
Tuna 98
Galunggong 84
Dorado 60
Black Marlin/ Tangigue 6.0
Squid/Cattle Fish 1.8
Octopus 0.5
Other Fishes 5.0
Shell Fishes 0.1

    Source: Municipal Agriculture Office, 2014

INLAND FISH CULTURE PRODUCTION

Barangay Annual Production in Metric Tons
2013 2014
Jubasan 0.65
Siljagon 2.25
Naparasan 1.2
TOTAL 4.10

 Source:  Municipal Agriculture Office. 2014

 

C.2    Commerce  and  Trade

 

C.2.1  Trading

 

Barangay Copra Buyer Sari-Sari Stores Hardware Dry Goods Wholesale Canteen Pharmacy General Mechandise Meatshop
Del Sur 0 9 1 7 3 0 0 0 1
Del Norte 2 19 1 4 3 0 2 3 2
E.Laodenio 0 10 0 2 0 3 1 0 1
Sta. Potenciana 9 35 1 2 2 1 0 3 0
Manaybanay 2 17 0 2 1 0 0 1 0
Burgos 1 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Magtaon 4 20 1 4 4 0 1 0 0
Jubasan 5 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siljagon 8 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naparasan 1 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quezon 3 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Magsaysay 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
San Jose 2 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Source: MPDO Primary Survey, 2014

C.2.2  Services

Barangay Parlor Computer  Repairs Carwash Cable TV Videoke Bar
Del Sur 0 1 0
Del Norte 2
E.Laodenio 1 1 1 0
Sta. Potenciana 3 1 2
Manaybanay 2
Burgos 0
Magtaon 1 0
Jubasan 0
Siljagon 0
Naparasan 0
Quezon 0
Magsaysay 0
San Jose 1

          Source: MPDO Primary Survey, 2014

C.3    Industry

Barangay Dressmaking & Tailoring Wood Carving Rice Mill Hollow Blocks Making Broom Making Bakery Basket, Bag and Mat Weaving
Del Sur 1 1 0 0 1 2
Del Norte 0 1 1 0 1 0
E.Laodenio 1 1 1 0 2 1
Sta. Potenciana 2 1 1 2 0 2
Manaybanay 0 1 0 0 1 0
Burgos 0 0 0 0 1 0
Magtaon 2 0 0 1 1 1
Jubasan 0 0 1 0 0 0
Siljagon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naparasan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quezon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Magsaysay 0 0 0 0 0 0
San Jose 0 0 0 0 0 0

Source: MPDO Primary Survey, 2014

 

 

C.4   Tourism Potential

 

Barangay Potential Attraction
Poblacion Mapanas Bay
Burgos Mayong Payong Rock Formations
Magtaon Naputad Beach
Magtaon Pinusilan
Siljagon Guinbenditahan Cave
Guintigui-an Cave
Jubasan Guano Cave
Can Mateo Cave
Naparasan Maticawol Falls
Del Norte Kawi Point Resort

          Source: Tourism Office, 2014

 

                                    There are no existing facilities in this tourism destinations except Kawi Point Resort. Cottages are available at Kawi Point Resort.

 

  1. TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION

D.1.   Transportation

Roads:

Road Sections Total Road Length (m) Concrete (m) Earth (m)
Barangay Roads:
Poblacion Barangays 8,650 4,550 4,100
Burgos 425 50 375
Manaybanay 810 65 745
Magtaon 1,200 700 500
Jubasan 1,335 80 1,255
Siljagon 2,250 60 2,190
Naparasan 400 40 360
Quezon 780 80 700
Magsaysay 750 600 150
Magtaon-Manaybanay Provincial Road 5,750 5,750 0
Poblacion-Naparasan FMR 9,500 2,800

Source: Municipal Engineering Office, 2014

 

 

D.2. Communication

There are two networks existing in the municipality used for communication, Globe Communications and Smart Communications. Services provided by these two communications networks are calls and text messaging. Internet connection is unstable.